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Kawhi Leonard是怎样从一个防守工兵变成攻防俱佳的

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发布于:2020-06-07

Kawhi Leonard是怎样从一个防守工兵变成攻防俱佳的一个来自圣地牙哥州立大学15号秀是如何变成了联盟中的最佳攻防双面手和潜在的MVP的? 对于Kawhi这种悄无声息间的提高,本文作者Nathaniel Friedman做了深入思考。

How did a No. 15 pick from San Diego State become the best two-way player in the league and a potential MVP? Nathaniel Friedman reflects on the quiet,almost invisible ascendance of Kawhi.

在当今的NBA联盟中,以自我为中心的那种球员几乎绝迹了。联盟中的精英球员不只是迴避自我主义的想法,同时,他们每个人都非常渴望自己变成更全面,更有价值的球员。现在看来,多年来被人诟病传球过多,没有完全展现自信的LeBron James,其实是超越了时代发展的存在。MVP 候选人Russell Westbrook和James Harden,一个彷彿化身助攻狂魔,一个则是得分越来越多,已然变成超级得分手的控卫。在金州勇士队,Stephen Curry,Kevin Durant和Klay Thompson三人则昇华到一定的境界,让自己更出色。

In today’s NBA,egoists are an endangered species. The league’s best players haven’t just eschewed a me-first attitude,they’ve each fully embraced the idea of themselves as pieces of larger,more meaningful wholes. It turns out that LeBron James,who over the years has been criticized for passing too much or not being sufficiently assertive,was ahead of his time. MVP candidates Russell Westbrook and James Harden are a hellion who gleefully gives up the ball and a high-volume scorer turned mega-productive point guard,respectively. In Golden State,Steph Curry,Kevin Durant,and Klay Thompson have turned sublimation into a springboard for individual brilliance.

不过,谈起不爱出风头的程度,没人比得上Kawhi Leonard。过去几週内,有人已经把这位马刺队的侧翼球员视为MVP候选人。无可置疑,Loenard已经被广为认可为联盟中完美的攻守兼备球员。他连续两年获得了最佳防守球员奖,同时也是马刺队无可争议的核心。和预期的一样,这支球队已经悄悄获得了联盟第二的战绩。我们(我自己也是)长期以来一直在抱怨总冠军赛上勇士队和骑士队之间的对决,以至于很难注意到圣安东尼奥马刺队现在已是冠军的有力争夺者。综上所述,不出意外,随着季后赛的临近,Kawhi会得到他应得的奖项,即使他不想让自己带着任何一点超级明星的架子。Loenard个性太高冷,太专注,以至于他常常被形容像机器一样不通人情,只会偶尔展现他的情绪。

But when it comes to self-effacement,no one can match Kawhi Leonard,the Spurs wing who over the last few weeks has begun to get some MVP consideration. Leonard is widely,almost perfunctorily,recognized as the league’s consummate two-way player. He’s won DPOY two years running and is the unquestioned focus of a Spurs team that,true to form,has quietly amassed the second-best record in the NBA. We’ve been yammering on (myself included) about a Warriors-Cavs Finals for so long that we scarcely noticed San Antonio,who at this point has to be considered a legit contender. Given all this,it’s no surprise that with the playoffs looming,Kawhi is getting his rightful due even as he refuses to carry himself with the slightest bit of superstar swagger. Leonard is so remote,so dedicated that he’s often characterized as robotic,a machine who only occasionally bothers to get in touch with his feelings.

毫无疑问,Kawhi确实低调,甚至是沉默寡言,这种特质使他异常谦虚。他是印象中近期最不可能成功的案例之一了:作为来自圣地牙哥州立大学的15号秀,Kawhi是那种典型不受关注的马刺新秀。人们把他看作是未来的防守专家,或许会成为下一个Bruce Bowen,即使这样就足以让马刺队在选秀大会又一次悄然获得了成功。不过几乎一开始,Leonard就超出了人们对他的预期。他在2011-12年新秀赛季依靠自己的防守获得了出场时间,当季后赛来临时,他又在进攻端表现出色。和其他强烈渴望取得成功而提高的二轮秀球员不同,Leonard进步飞速,因为那是职业球员的应该做的。

No question,Kawhi is understated,even muted,a trait that hinges on his remarkable humility. He’s one of the most unlikely success stories in recent memory;drafted 15th overall out of San Diego State,he was the quintessential under-the-radar Spurs pick. Even they projected him as a defensive specialist,perhaps the next incarnation of Bruce Bowen. That would’ve been enough to make for another stealthy San Antonio draft triumph but almost from the beginning,Leonard exceeded expectations. He earned playing time during his 2011-12 rookie year with his defense;by the time the playoffs rolled around,he’d become a decent option at the other end of the floor. Unlike other ascendant second-rounders,who often play chip on their shoulder,Leonard rapidly improved because that’s what professionals do.

这种发展轨迹已经成为了Leonard的特色。Kawhi在场上很有效率,反映出他高效的球风。即使你认为他已经达到能力上限了,他每个赛季还是持续进步。Leonard进步的诀窍就是:你永远不能简单地以潜力评价他的价值。依靠纯能力以及对细节的专注,他已经逐渐变成超级巨星。Leonard的机智和创造力并不会使你惊叹。而他通过一系列渐渐展露的突破性表现持续提高着他的水平。每当Kawhi调整状态,他的表现都会再上一个台阶。这一点在最近他的得分爆发上展露无遗。本赛季之前,Loenard单场得分30+只有7次。而截至目前,本赛季他已经有23次30+的表现了——这种表现来自一个被Popovich团队至上的无私得分理念洗脑的球员,并不表示他自私。

This trajectory has become Leonard’s signature. Kawhi has molded his game with a discipline that mirrors his highly efficient style of play,improving every season even when you think he’s maxed out his talent. The trick is that,with Leonard,the equation has never been as simple as following through on potential. He’s a player who,through sheer craft and attention to detail,has evolved into a superstar. Leonard doesn’t stun you with his resourcefulness or creativity. Instead,he consistently raises the bar for himself through a series of gradual breakthroughs. And each time Kawi resets his game,it leaps up a level. Nowhere is this more evident than in his recent scoring explosion. Up until this season,Leonard had scored over 30 points only 7 times. So far,he’s at 23 on the year—this from a guy who had to be convinced by Gregg Popovich that scoring was a selfless,team-oriented act,not a mark of selfishness.

Leonard是一名天生的马刺球员。他毫不费力就轻鬆融入了球队体系,还无条件地相信理想化而完全滴水不漏的篮球境界(也许是永远难以企及的层面)激励着Popovich拿到五座冠军奖盃。Leonard常常被看作是一名体系球员。诚然,他曾经在进攻端有漏洞,需要马刺队的体系来掩盖这些不足。不过,Leonard忠实低调的个性也让他儘量迴避过度表现自己,而且他太尊重团队目的了,以至于他一直不太愿意表现自己。但这赛季,他在场上的表现是如此全面,无论他是什幺心态,Loenard都表现出了这种高水平。显然,这个体系并没有限制他,而是在推动他取得进步。

Leonard is a natural-born Spur,a player who fits effortlessly into a system and believes unconditionally in an idealized,utterly seamless version of basketball that —if always a far-off horizon—has been the inspiration the five Popovich titles. Leonard has often been cast as a system player and to be sure,he once had holes in his offensive game that were masked by the Spurs’ framework. Leonard is also the kind of steadfast,low-key personality that balks at in any way stepping out of line,respecting common purpose so much that he’s been reluctant to assert himself too much. This year,though,his game is now so complete that he would be at this level no matter where he was. The system clearly has become a springboard,not a constraint.

正如前辈Duncan一样,Popovich的团队篮球理念如今已经不能提高Leonard的水平了——某种程度上,他的能力已经超越了体系限制。Loenard已经和过去不同了,现在的他出人意料地机智。他最近很乐意製造远投的得分机会,这已经改变了他的球风,也给马刺队带来了新的战术。Leonard初入联盟之时还相当稚嫩。他没什幺高不可攀的能力,他从底层一点一滴提升自己而达到如今的水平,同时抵制任何以自我为中心的表现。

Like Tim Duncan before him,Leonard has become a player who isn’t amplified by Popovich’s team concept—he excels in a way that expands its capabilities. Where Leonard was once scripted,he’s now surprisingly resourceful. His newfound willingness to create and knock down long shots has transformed his game and opened things up for the Spurs. Leonard came into the league fairly unformed. He hasn’t rarified things,he’s built himself up from scratch and backed into his current role,hedging against anything that could be construed as egoism.

那并不是妄自菲薄,也不仅仅是性格所致。Kawhi Leonard真心真意地把篮球理解为一种个人价值无足轻重的运动,这与一个相当有用的观念有明显区别,那种理念认为,伟大的球员关键时刻更乐意自己发挥。即使Leonard如今可以自己接管比赛,随时都能展现他的影响力,但他也很少感到欣喜若狂,志得意满或表现出任何一种情感。他这种情况常常同时被人称讚和嘲讽。但这种看法缺乏根据: Kawhi Leonard不是一台正在学习表达情感的机器,他让我们明白: 儘管他能掌控全场,完全不为自己着想也是完全可能的。这是一种更高层的篮球意识,对Loenard来说,这已经变成他的目标。

There’s no false modesty there. Nor is it simply a matter of temperament. Kawhi Leonard really,truly,honesty understands basketball as a sport where the individual is rendered nearly moot,a view that could not be more at odds with the fairly useful idea that at key moments,great players are more than willing to go for theirs. Despite himself,Leonard can now take over games,putting his stamp on every possession while only rarely evincing joy,pride,or any emotion whatsoever. He’s often both praised and lightly ridiculed as robotic. This view misses the point: Kawhi Leonard isn’t a machine learning to feel,he’s teaching us all that it’s possible to completely dispense with the 「I」 even with the entire game at his fingertips,a higher form of basketball consciousness that for Leonard,has become an end in itself.

Kawhi的崛起是循序渐进的:他一直顺从马刺队的体系,很自然地接受球队组织文化。一直以来都有迹象显示,他不仅表现很好,是下一个伟大的马刺球员或常年被选为全明星,而更是成为独一无二,与众不同的那个球员;这些言论在近年来越来越多,以至于已经变成一种嘲弄。如今,他在比赛中完全展示了自己的能力,我们也看到他那一点点外露的高度自信,似乎Leonard已经开始有为自己感受的想法。或许这是他成长的必经之路。但因为那是Loenard,你大可以放宽心,他永远不会为自己想太多——也可以确信,Leonard身上的一切,只是他换另一种方式实现对球队的承诺,进而实现对篮球这项运动的承诺。

Kawhi’s emergence has been gradual;he’s always been always deferential to San Antonio’s system and takes naturally to their organizational culture. There were always glimmers he wasn’t merely very good,the next great Spur,or a perennial All-Star,but was instead someone truly special and singular;these had ramped up over the years to the point that they became a kind of tease. His game is now fully-realized and what we’re seeing is bits and pieces of supreme,outward confidence,like Kawhi is flirting with the idea of feeling himself. It’s maybe the next necessary step in his development. But because it’s Leonard,you can rest assured he’ll never go too far—and that,as with all things Kawhi,it will be just another way to fulfill a promise to his team and by extension,to basketball as a sport.

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